Tropical Storm Bonnie on Friday became the second named storm of the 2022 Atlantic hurricane season, moving at nearly 50 mph before arriving late in southeastern Nicaragua.
By Friday, the storm had strengthened slightly and moved into the southwestern Caribbean Sea. According to the National Hurricane Center, Bonnie strengthened before making landfall on Friday night near the Nicaragua-Costa Rica border, where a tropical storm warning was in effect.
At 8 a.m. on Saturday, the storm – which was moving at 14 mph – was moving to the west and soon headed offshore and rise over the pacific ocean, Heavy rains, flash floods and landslides are likely to continue throughout the day in some parts of both the countries. The warning area along the Caribbean coasts of Nicaragua and Costa Rica is facing tropical storm status, which is likely to continue for a few hours.
Maximum sustained winds have decreased with the potential for additional weakening as Bonnie passes over Central America. But later on Saturday, the system was forecast to strengthen again after reaching the warm waters of the eastern Pacific Ocean.
A hurricane is given a name after reaching wind speeds of at least 39 mph, yet a few days before Bonnie reached that point, it made landfall in the Caribbean region with the risk of some life-threatening conditions. I was bringing heavy rain.
Maria Torres, a meteorologist at the Hurricane Center, said Bonnie would need to “maintain an identifiable closed circulation” as it moves into the Pacific Ocean in Central America to keep its name. Ms Torres said it is rare for a hurricane to jump from the Atlantic into the Pacific Ocean, with the last hurricane being Otto in 2016.
Jumping in the opposite direction – from the Pacific to the Atlantic basin – is even less common. Ms Torres said there was no record of a tropical cyclone that persisted as it moved from the eastern Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic.
Just hours after Bonnie made landfall in Nicaragua, Tropical Storm Colin formed off the coast of South Carolina. The storm, a surprise, threatens to dampen outdoor activities over the long Fourth of July weekend.
Forecasters are also looking at two other storms, one of which could bring heavy rain to the US Gulf Coast later this week, where flood alert Effective in Texas and Louisiana. Secondly, in the far east, it is expected to slowly follow Bonnie’s path toward Central America over the weekend.
Tropical Storm Alex, which formed on June 5, was the first named storm of the “above normal” hurricane season, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. If this prediction comes true, 2022 will be the seventh year in a row with above-normal weather.
This year, meteorologists predict the season, which runs through November 30, will produce 14 to 21 named storms. Six to 10 of them are expected to become hurricanes, and up to six of them are forecast to strengthen into major hurricanes, classified as a Category 3 hurricane with winds of at least 111 mph.
Last year, there were 21 named storms, after a record-breaking 30 in 2020. For the past two years, meteorologists have exhausted the list of names used to identify storms during the Atlantic hurricane season, an event that has occurred only once. , in 2005.
The links between hurricanes and climate change have become clearer with each passing year. The data shows that storms have strengthened around the world during the past four decades. A warmer planet can expect stronger storms over time, and a higher incidence of the most powerful storms – although the overall number of storms may be lower, as factors such as stronger wind shear can prevent weaker storms from forming.
Hurricanes are also getting wetter because of more water vapor in the warmer climate; Scientists have suggested that storms such as Hurricane Harvey in 2017 produced far more rain without human impacts on the climate. In addition, rising sea levels are contributing to higher storm surge – the most destructive element of tropical cyclones.