Home NEWS How Erdogan’s Turkey became NATO’s wild card -EnglishHindiBlogs-News

How Erdogan’s Turkey became NATO’s wild card -EnglishHindiBlogs-News

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Finnish President Souli Niinisto said that Ankara had agreed to support the membership bids of his country and Sweden, removing a major obstacle for both joining the coalition.

Turkey has become a headache for NATO. But recent geopolitical events have shown that the coalition will have to bear it. Experts say Erdogan knows this all too well and has used his country’s place in the group to serve his national interests.

In a European war that has essentially become a conflict between the Kremlin and NATO, Turkey has established itself as a neutral party, Opting out of your affiliates In sanctioning Russia, offering to mediate between the warring parties. it is supported Ukraine in the war but has been careful not to oppose Moscow.

Experts say Turkey is today more valuable to NATO than ever before. The country sits in the southeastern side of the alliance, a major buffer between Russia and the West. It holds the second largest army in the coalition after the US, and borders a group of Middle Eastern countries with a history of political instability, and where Western states have major interests.

However, Ankara has not always been a thorn in the side of the alliance.

Turkey joined NATO in 1952, three years after it was formed after World War II, and it considers the alliance a “cornerstone” of its defense and security policy. But analysts and historians say that while Turkey has historically served the group’s strategic interests, it has become a disruptive force under Erdogan’s regime.

Erdogan served as Prime Minister from 2003 to 2014 and President from 2014.

“During the Cold War, Turkey [was] Well embedded in Western security infrastructure,” said Oya Dursan-Ozkanka
He is a political science professor at Elizabethtown College in Pennsylvania and author of “Turkey-West Relations: The Politics of Intra-Alliance Opposition,” adding that the country has been a “fairly reliable” Western ally for more than half a century.

He noted that the frequency and intensity of disagreements between Turkey and NATO allies have increased over time as Ankara has taken proactive and Western foreign policy positions.

Erdogan has disagreed with NATO allies on a range of issues, including Syria and Libya, and threatened and used his country’s strategic location to siphon concessions from its European neighbors. to open the floodgate of refugees from neighboring conflict areas.
Turkey in 2009 opposition to appointment As head of NATO until the then US President of Denmark’s Anders Fogg Rasmussen Barack Obama pledges That a representative of Rasmussen would be the Turks. Turkey argued that Rasmussen’s dealing with crimes In 2006 a Danish newspaper was problematic for the Prophet Mohammed.
perhaps its most daring and most controversial moveTurkey bought the Russian S-400 missile defense system in 2019, calling into question the decades-old alliance with both the US and NATO. The S-400 missiles were designed to shoot down NATO aircraft.
Sinan UlgenA former Turkish diplomat and chairman of the Istanbul-based think-tank EDAM called Erdogan’s “ultra-centralized decision-making” and his “belligerent, more aggressive, [and] The “low consensus-driven” leadership style has caused difficulties for NATO.
“It is also a reflection of the increased unpredictability of Turkey’s foreign policy,” They said.

But experts say it is only natural that a member of the coalition will prioritize national interests where it can. The problem arises when these interests diverge from the NATO agenda.

“The Turks complicate NATO’s consensus-based decision-making because they refuse to go with the flow unless national interests are satisfied,” he said. rich outgenA senior fellow at the Atlantic Council in Washington DC and a former US military officer and State Department official.

“This is not bad coalition behavior, it is coalition behavior specific to states that have the weight to overcome it,” he said.

Analysts say that while Turkey understands its value to NATO, it also sees its benefits in its membership. Ulgen said that Ankara has gone to NATO more than once for strategic security assistance. “It’s a security and political relationship that is mutually beneficial.

“Ultimately Turkey and NATO need each other,” he said, using the country’s new name.

digestion

Iran applies to join BRICS group of emerging countries

Iran has submitted an application to become a member of the grouping of emerging economies known as BRICS, an Iranian official said on Monday. Iran’s foreign ministry spokesman said membership of the BRICS grouping, which includes Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, “will result in added values ​​for both sides.”

  • backgroundRussia: Russia has long been pushing for closer ties with Asia, South America and the Middle East, but has recently scaled down its efforts to counter sanctions imposed by Europe, the United States and other countries over its invasion of Ukraine. has accelerated.
  • why it matters: Russia cast the applications as evidence that the West had failed to isolate Moscow after its invasion of Ukraine. Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said: “While the White House was thinking about whether to shut down, impose sanctions or disrupt the world, Argentina and Iran applied to join BRICS. ” BRICS accounts for more than 40% of the world’s population and about 26% of the global economy.

Egyptian blogger jailed for hunger strike in danger zone – mother

The mother of jailed Egyptian-British activist Ala Abd al-Fatah says she is concerned her son’s health may deteriorate sharply after a nearly 90-day hunger strike, despite some improvements in prison conditions . His mother Laila Suif said that 40-year-old blogger Abd al-Fatah, who rose to prominence with Egypt’s 2011 uprising, is too weak to do her own laundry or climb into her cell to look out of a high window went.

  • backgroundAbd al-Fatah was sentenced in December to five years for spreading false news for sharing a social media post about the death of a prisoner, and had previously been jailed for protesting without authorization . He began a strike on April 2 against his detention and alleged legal violations in prison.
  • why it mattersHer cause, part of the family’s campaign to secure her release, has gained attention in Britain after she received her UK citizenship last year. Egypt’s state press center did not respond to a request for comment. On 9 June, the Interior Ministry said it had clips proving that Abd al-Fatah was not on a hunger strike, although it had not published the footage.

The United Nations estimates that 1.5% of Syria’s population was killed during the war.

The United Nations Human Rights Office said on Tuesday that about 1.5% of Syria’s pre-war population, or 306,887 civilians, were killed by conflict between 2011 and 2021. This number is the highest ever estimate by the United Nations.

  • backgroundSyria descended into a civil war in March 2011 following protests against President Bashar al-Assad and his regime. The conflict attracted many world powers and devastated the country, killing thousands of civilians and displacing millions. The report also estimated that “on average, every single day for the past 10 years, 83 civilians suffered violent deaths due to conflict.”
  • why it matters: While the conflict has frozen over the years since Assad gained control of most of Syria, the humanitarian crisis continues. The report also noted that the record estimate is only a fraction of the deaths, and that the analysis “gives a clearer sense of the severity and scale of the conflict.”

around the area

Long seen as an integral part of Cairo’s modern history and a mark of the capital’s artistic landscape, some of the Nile houseboats are facing the same fate as the city’s other famous features: removal for modernization.

Dozens of floating structures line the main river of the Egyptian capital. Some are home to residents, while others are nightclubs, restaurants or cafes where the city’s artists, writers and scholars are known to gather.

Ahdaf Souf, a well-known Egyptian novelist and houseboat owner, said some houseboats that are 100 years old, he says, have been ordered to be removed by the state. There have been many such ships Featured in Acclaimed Egyptian FilmsIncluding the 1971 film “Chicht on the Nile”.

The hashtag #SaveCairoHouseboats has been trending on Twitter in the country since the evictions first began two weeks ago, with social media campaigns raging across multiple platforms.

“This is my house,” said Ahdaf Souf, video posted on twitter“Others were born on these boat houses, they don’t know anything else.”

The North African country, backed by Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, is ramping up construction on a large scale.

But activists and residents have criticized the building spree, saying the city is losing its heritage and character in the name of modernisation.

Officials say each removal act is being carefully studied and evaluated to ensure the historic sites remain untouched.

in a talk show Ayman Anwar, head of the Nile Conservation Department in Greater Cairo, along with Egyptian host Amar Adeeb, said orders to remove some of the houseboats began in 2020, and notices had been given to occupants.

Anwar also said that boats classified as “historic” by the state or those serving tourism purposes would not be removed. He said that most of the houseboats marked for removal have broken down and should be removed for safety reasons.

Anwar said that since June 18, three houseboats have been removed and 15 others are to be removed by June 28.

by Nadine Ibrahim

$561 billion

The value of petroleum exports by the 13-member Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in 2021, up 77% over 2020, showed OPEC’s annual statistical bulletin published on Tuesday.

photo of the Day

A young Iraqi shepherd cools buffaloes in the wastewater that fills the Diyala River, a tributary of the Tigris, in the al-Fadiliyah district east of Baghdad, on June 26.  Iraq's drought refers to a drop in the level of waterways due to a lack of rainfall and reduced flow from upstream neighboring Iran and Turkey.

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